Explain why an organization’s mission, vision, and values are significant to nurse engagement and patient outcomes.

Prepare a 10-15 slide PowerPoint presentation, with speaker notes, that examines the significance of an organization’s culture and values. For the presentation of your PowerPoint, use Loom to create a voice-over or a video. Refer to the Topic Materials for additional guidance on recording your presentation with Loom. Include an additional slide for the Loom link at the beginning, and an additional slide for References at the end.

  1. Outline the purpose of an organization’s mission, vision, and values.
  2. Explain why an organization’s mission, vision, and values are significant to nurse engagement and patient outcomes.
  3. Explain what factors lead to conflict in a professional practice. Describe how organizational values and culture can influence the way conflict is addressed.
  4. Discuss effective strategies for resolving workplace conflict and encouraging interprofessional collaboration.
  5. Discuss how organizational needs and the culture of health care influence organizational outcomes. Describe how these relate to health promotion and disease prevention from a community health perspective.

While APA style format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite

. A method for conducting risk factor identification that consolidates the judgments of isolated, anonymous respondents is _______________. a. a brainstorming meeting b. the Delphi method c. past history d. multiple assessments

Project Management 1

1. A project typically has ____________.

 

a. a defined start and end date

 

b. a defined start date but no defined end date

 

c. no defined start but a defined end date

 

d. no defined start or end date

 

 

2. The Project Management Body of Knowledge Guide definition of a project indicates that a

 

project is ____________.

 

a. multifunctional

 

b. temporary

 

c. designed to consume human resources

 

d. limited by a budget

 

 

3. A business reality that makes effective project management critical is the fact that ___________.

 

a. products are becoming increasingly simple

 

b. inflation is rampant

 

c. product life cycles are compressing

 

d. product launch windows are widening

 

 

4. A product is introduced into a market, gains the acceptance of a fickle public and is finally

 

supplanted by a new and improved offering. This phenomenon is known as the ____________.

 

a. product life cycle

 

b. rule of 80

 

c. Mendoza line

 

d. beta

 

 

5. The degree of innovation and creativity is typically at its highest during the _____________

 

phase.

 

a. conceptualization

 

b. planning

 

c. execution

 

d. termination

 

 

6. The amount of corporate investment is typically at its lowest in the ____________ phase.

 

a. conceptualization

 

b. planning

 

c. execution

 

d. termination

 

 

7. The dimension of project success that is realized last is _____________.

 

a. future potential

 

b. business success

 

c. impact on the customer

 

d. efficiency

 

 

8. The dimension of project success that is measured by both an internal and external criterion is

 

_____________.

 

a. future potential

 

b. business success

 

c. impact on the customer

 

d. efficiency

 

 

9. A strategic element that contains formally titled initiatives such as the Customer Survey Project,

 

the Small Business Alliance Project and the Employee Relations Project is most likely a

 

_____________.

 

a. mission

 

b. strategy

 

c. goal

 

d. program

 

 

10. The management department at the university decides to add a new program in restaurant,

 

hotel and institutional management. As part of the development process, they hold focus

 

groups consisting of area business leaders, current and former students and restaurant and

 

hotel owners. These groups can be described as _____________.

 

a. project leaders

 

b. project workers

 

c. stakeholders

 

d. clients

 

 

11. Which statement about stakeholders is most appropriate?

 

a. Stakeholders wield considerable power.

 

b. Stakeholders can potentially impact project development.

 

c. Stakeholders are external to a company.

 

d. By definition, clients are not stakeholders, they are customers.

 

 

12. A functional organization structure is a plus for project management because _____________.

 

a. functional siloing often exists

 

b. it allows for standard career paths

 

c. there is high customer focus

 

d. commitment to project success is high and unwavering

 

 

13. A functional organization structure is a weakness for project management because

 

_____________.

 

a. in-depth knowledge and intellectual capital development are enabled

 

b. no disruption or changes to a firm’s design are necessitated by projects developed

 

within this structure

 

c. priorities among functional departments may be different and competing

 

d. standard career paths are enabled so team members only perform their duties as

 

needed

 

 

14. The tendency of employees in a functionally organized company to become fixated on their

 

own concerns and work assignments to the exclusion of the needs of other departments is

 

known as _____________.

 

a. layering

 

b. myopia

 

c. nepotism

 

d. siloing

 

 

15. Centralized units within an organization or department that oversee or improve the

 

management of projects are called _____________.

 

a. project management offices

 

b. PERT units

 

c. tiger teams

 

d. central clearinghouses

 

 

16. A PMO is not used ______________.

 

a. as a resource center

 

b. to replace the project manager as being responsible for the project

 

c. to act as a central repository for project documentation

 

d. as the place where project management improvements are identified and then

 

disseminated to the rest of the organization

 

 

17. The PMO is used as a tracking and monitoring device under the _______________ model.

 

a. control tower

 

b. weather station

 

c. resource pool

 

d. radar

 

 

18. A proactive project portfolio is ______________.

 

a. as simple as moving from one project opportunity to another project opportunity

 

b. an integrated family of projects with a common strategic goal

 

c. a collection of projects under the umbrella of single project manager carrying the title

 

of portfolio manager

 

d. developed with respect to short-term operational concerns

 

 

19. Which of these is not a factor in successful project portfolio management?

 

a. flexible structure and freedom of communication

 

b. low-cost environmental setting

 

c. emphasis on quality

 

d. time-paced transition

 

 

20. Multiple project environments thrive on _______________.

 

a. multi-layered bureaucracy

 

b. rigid development processes

 

c. narrow communication channels

 

d. improvisation by project teams

 

 

21. The efficient frontier in project management is the set of portfolio options that offer a

 

______________ return for a _______________ risk.

 

a. minimum; minimum

 

b. minimum; maximum

 

c. maximum; minimum

 

d. maximum; maximum

 

 

22. Which statement about the use of the profile model is most accurate?

 

a. The profile model requires careful calculation of the percentage risk for each possible

 

project.

 

b. The scale used for the profile model can be any two numerical variables that a company

 

deems important.

 

c. The efficient frontier in the profile model is where return is 100% (or greater) and risk is

 

0%.

 

d. For a given level of risk, a positive move on the return axes would indicate a superior

 

project.

 

 

23. Which statement regarding project selection is best?

 

a. Decision models must contain either objective or subjective factors.

 

b. Organizational reality can be perfectly captured by most decision-making models.

 

c. Before selecting any project, the team should identify all the relevant issues that play a

 

role in project selection.

 

d. Every decision model has both objective and subjective factors.

 

 

24. Which statement regarding project selection and screening criteria is best?

 

a. The most complete model in the world is still only a partial reflection of organization

 

reality.

 

b. It is possible, given enough time and effort, to identify all relevant issues that play a

 

roll in project selection.

 

c. Decision models are either objective or subjective.

 

d. For many projects, more than 80% of the decision criteria are vital.

 

 

25. A commercial factor in project selection and screening might be ______________.

 

a. a need to develop employees

 

b. the likelihood that users of the project are injured

 

c. the long-term market dominance

 

d. the impact on the company’s image

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Project Management 2

 

1. Which of the following is more reflective of managerial task?

 

a. creating vision and strategies

 

b. problem-solving

 

c. long-term risk-taking

 

d. communication by word and deed

 

 

2. Which of the following is more reflective of a leader’s task?

 

a. efficiency of operations

 

b. delegation and maintaining

 

c. motivation and inspiration

 

d. marshalling resources

 

 

3. A more apt title for a project manager is ______________.

 

a. controller

 

b. comptroller

 

c. project director

 

d. project leader

 

 

4. Friendliness with a purpose describes ______________.

 

a. empathy

 

b. self-regulation

 

c. obsequiousness

 

d. social skill

 

 

5. Project management is first and foremost a ______________ challenge.

 

a. people management

 

b. customer service

 

c. perception management

 

d. budget management

 

 

6. The ability to cognitively bring the past and future closer together is ______________.

 

a. creating future vision

 

b. time warping

 

c. time compressing

 

d. tesseracting

 

 

7. A project manager should have the ability to generate estimates of what will occur in the

 

future, which is termed ______________.

 

a. time warping

 

b. creating future vision

 

c. predicting

 

d. chunking time

 

 

8. The organizational structure for the project team, including policies and procedures, is the

 

_______________.

 

a. work breakdown structure

 

b. rules statement

 

c. scope statement

 

d. management plan

 

 

9. Which of these scope statement steps create the all-important bureaucracy for a project?

 

a. the management plan

 

b. the work breakdown structure

 

c. the scope baseline

 

d. the project goal criteria

 

 

10. In the case of projects developed for external clients, work authorization typically addresses

 

______________.

 

a. budget linkage

 

b. audit trail establishment

 

c. resource requirements

 

d. contractual obligations

 

 

11. All projects are promised in terms of the specific functionality or performance criteria they will meet. The key feature of the contractual documentation that specifies this functionality or criteria is the ______________.

 

a. contractual requirements

 

b. valid consideration

 

c. contracted terms

 

d. contractual performance

 

 

12. The exchange that is specified by the contractual documentation is ______________.

 

a. the terms

 

b. valid consideration

 

c. reciprocity

 

d. fair and unencumbered

 

 

13. The status accounting step of configuration management functions primarily as

 

_____________.

 

a. a hierarchy

 

b. binding arbitration

 

c. cost control

 

d. memory

 

 

14. If viewed from a flow standpoint, the stage of configuration management that has provision

 

for variable routing to the next step, depending on outcome at this stage, is _______________.

 

a. configuration control

 

b. configuration reviews

 

c. status accounting

 

d. configuration identification

 

 

15. Your first project team meeting got off to a bad start when the functional manager for your

 

team’s physician refused to allow her to attend the meeting. This ______________.

 

a. goal-oriented conflict threatened the project’s success.

 

b. administrative conflict posed a serious threat to the project’s success.

 

c. interpersonal conflict was devastating to the project’s chance for success.

 

d. interactionist conflict meant there would be no project completion party in your future.

 

 

16. The husband in the marriage project meekly apologized and hid in the garage while the other

 

project team member rampaged through the house. The husband holds the ______________

 

view of conflict.

 

a. behavioral

 

b. interactionist

 

c. traditional

 

d. attributional

 

 

17. Some of the team members took great delight in stirring the pot at team meetings. They knew just how to get each team member agitated and then sat back and enjoyed the show. These

 

trouble-makers defended their actions by claiming that they took the _______________ view of conflict.

 

a. traditional

 

b. behavioral

 

c. the high reliability

 

d. the interactionist

 

 

18. When a project manager imposes a judgment on warring parties, he is involved in

 

______________.

 

a. mediation

 

b. elimination

 

c. arbitration

 

d. acceptance

 

 

19. Principled negotiation is the art of ______________.

 

a. getting agreement with the other party while maintaining a win-win attitude

 

b. refusing to compromise your principles for the sake of a business deal

 

c. creating conflict to test for an adversary’s weakness and reducing conflict once the

 

weakness has been exposed

 

d. dividing your resources in the face of superior numbers

 

 

20. An excellent starting point in negotiations is to ______________.

 

a. deduce their intentions from your fears

 

b. identify the person that is the source of the problem

 

c. deduce their fears from your intentions

 

d. put yourself in their shoes

 

 

21. The greatest project risk occurs when the probability of the event is _______________ and the

 

consequences of the event are ______________.

 

a. high; high

 

b. high; low

 

c. low; high

 

d. low; low

 

 

22. The greatest project opportunity occurs when the project is in the _______________ phase.

 

a. concept

 

b. development

 

c. implementation

 

d. termination

 

 

23. The amount a company has at stake in a project rises above the dollar value of opportunity in the ______________ phase.

 

a. implementation

 

b. development

 

c. concept

 

d. termination

 

 

24. The mouse executive board meeting was drawing to a conclusion; the only way they would be able to detect the presence of the cat was to tie a bell around its tail. Under their risk

 

management identification scheme, this would fall under _______________ risk.

 

a. commercial

 

b. execution

 

c. financial

 

d. technical

 

 

25. A method for conducting risk factor identification that consolidates the judgments of isolated, anonymous respondents is _______________.

 

a. a brainstorming meeting

 

b. the Delphi method

 

c. past history

 

d. multiple assessments

 

1. For a stock to be in equilibrium, that is, for there to be no long-term pressure for its price to depart from its current level, then

1) Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

a)A two-stock portfolio will always have a lower standard deviation than a one-stock portfolio.

b)A portfolio that consists of 40 stocks that are not highly correlated with “the market” will probably be less risky than a portfolio of 40 stocks that are highly correlated with the market, assuming the stocks all have the same standard deviations.

c)A two-stock portfolio will always have a lower beta than a one-stock portfolio.

d)If portfolios are formed by randomly selecting stocks, a 10-stock portfolio will always have a lower beta than a one-stock portfolio.

e)A stock with an above-average standard deviation must also have an above-average beta.

 

 

2 points

Question 2

Your portfolio consists of $50,000 invested in Stock X and $50,000 invested in Stock Y. Both stocks have an expected return of 15%, betas of 1.6, and standard deviations of 30%. The returns of the two stocks are independent, so the correlation coefficient between them, rXY, is zero. Which of the following statements best describes the characteristics of your 2-stock portfolio?

Answer

a)Your portfolio has a standard deviation of 30%, and its expected return is 15%.

b)Your portfolio has a standard deviation less than 30%, and its beta is greater than 1.6.

c)Your portfolio has a beta equal to 1.6, andits expected return is 15%.

d)Your portfolio has a beta greater than 1.6, and its expected return is greater than 15%.

e)Your portfolio has a standard deviation greater than 30% and a beta equal to 1.6.

 

 

Question 3

Assume that in recent years both expected inflation and the market risk premium (rM− rRF) have declined. Assume also that all stocks have positive betas. Which of the following would be most likely to have occurred as a result of these changes?

Answer

The required returns on all stocks have fallen, but the decline has been greater for stocks with lower betas.

The required returns on all stocks have fallen, but the fall has been greater for stocks with higher betas.

The average required return on the market, rM, has remained constant, but the required returns have fallen for stocks that have betas greater than 1.0.

Required returns have increased for stocks with betas greater than 1.0 but have declined for stocks with betas less than 1.0.

The required returns on all stocks have fallen by the same amount

 

 

Question 4

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

The beta of a portfolio of stocks is always smaller than the betas of any of the individual stocks.

If you found a stock with a zero historical beta and held it as the only stock in your portfolio, you would by definition have a riskless portfolio.

The beta coefficient of a stock is normally found by regressing past returns on a stock against past market returns. One could also construct a scatter diagram of returns on the stock versus those on the market, estimate the slope of the line of best fit, and use it as beta. However, this historical beta may differ from the beta that exists in the future.

The beta of a portfolio of stocks is always larger than the betas of any of the individual stocks.

It is theoretically possible for a stock to have a beta of 1.0. If a stock did have a beta of 1.0, then, at least in theory, its required rate of return would be equal to the risk-free (default-free) rate of return, rRF.

 

 

2 points

Question 5

1. Which is the best measure of risk for a single asset held in isolation, and which is the best measure for an asset held in a diversified portfolio?

Answer

Variance; correlation coefficient.

Standard deviation; correlation coefficient.

Beta; variance.

Coefficient of variation; beta.

Beta; beta.

 

 

2 points

Question 6

1. Bob has a $50,000 stock portfolio with a beta of 1.2, an expected return of 10.8%, and a standard deviation of 25%. Becky also has a $50,000 portfolio, but it has a beta of 0.8, an expected return of 9.2%, and a standard deviation that is also 25%. The correlation coefficient, r, between Bob’s and Becky’s portfolios is zero. If Bob and Becky marry and combine their portfolios, which of the following best describes their combined $100,000 portfolio?

Answer

The combined portfolio’s expected return will be less than the simple weighted average of the expected returns of the two individual portfolios, 10.0%.

The combined portfolio’s beta will be equal to a simple weighted average of the betas of the two individual portfolios, 1.0; its expected return will be equal to a simple weighted average of the expected returns of the two individual portfolios, 10.0%; and its standard deviation will be less than the simple average of the two portfolios’ standard deviations, 25%.

The combined portfolio’s expected return will be greater than the simple weighted average of the expected returns of the two individual portfolios, 10.0%.

The combined portfolio’s standard deviation will be greater than the simple average of the two portfolios’ standard deviations, 25%.

The combined portfolio’s standard deviation will be equal to a simple average of the two portfolios’ standard deviations, 25%.

 

 

2 points

Question 7

1. Stock X has a beta of 0.5 and Stock Y has a beta of 1.5. Which of the following statements must be true, according to the CAPM?

Answer

If you invest $50,000 in Stock X and $50,000 in Stock Y, your 2-stock portfolio would have a beta significantly lower than 1.0, provided the returns on the two stocks are not perfectly correlated.

Stock Y’s realized return during the coming year will be higher than Stock X’s return.

If the expected rate of inflation increases but the market risk premium is unchanged, the required returns on the two stocks should increase by the same amount.

Stock Y’s return has a higher standard deviation than Stock X.

If the market risk premium declines, but the risk-free rate is unchanged, Stock X will have a larger decline in its required return than will Stock Y.

 

 

Question 8

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

A large portfolio of randomly selected stocks will always have a standard deviation of returns that is less than the standard deviation of a portfolio with fewer stocks, regardless of how the stocks in the smaller portfolio are selected.

Diversifiable risk can be reduced by forming a large portfolio, but normally even highly-diversified portfolios are subject to market (or systematic) risk.

A large portfolio of randomly selected stocks will have a standard deviation of returns that is greater than the standard deviation of a 1-stock portfolio if that one stock has a beta less than 1.0.

A large portfolio of stocks whose betas are greater than 1.0 will have less market risk than a single stock with a beta = 0.8.

If you add enough randomly selected stocks to a portfolio, you can completely eliminate all of the market risk from the portfolio.

 

 

2 points

Question 9

1. Stock A’s beta is 1.5 and Stock B’s beta is 0.5. Which of the following statements must be true about these securities? (Assume market equilibrium.)

Answer

When held in isolation, Stock A has more risk than Stock B.

Stock B must be a more desirable addition to a portfolio than A.

Stock A must be a more desirable addition to a portfolio than B.

The expected return on Stock A should be greater than that on B.

The expected return on Stock B should be greater than that on A.

 

 

2 points

Question 10

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

A stock’s beta is less relevant as a measure of risk to an investor with a well-diversified portfolio than to an investor who holds only that one stock.

If an investor buys enough stocks, he or she can, through diversification, eliminate all of the diversifiable risk inherent in owning stocks. Therefore, if a portfolio contained all publicly traded stocks, it would be essentially riskless.

The required return on a firm’s common stock is, in theory, determined solely by its market risk. If the market risk is known, and if that risk is expected to remain constant, then no other information is required to specify the firm’s required return.

Portfolio diversification reduces the variability of returns (as measured by the standard deviation) of each individual stock held in a portfolio.

A security’s beta measures its non-diversifiable, or market, risk relative to that of an average stock.

 

2 points

Question 11

1. During the coming year, the market risk premium (rM − rRF), is expected to fall, while the risk-free rate, rRF, is expected to remain the same. Given this forecast, which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

The required return will increase for stocks with a beta less than 1.0 and will decrease for stocks with a beta greater than 1.0.

The required return on all stocks will remain unchanged.

The required return will fall for all stocks, but it will fall more for stocks with higher betas.

The required return for all stocks will fall by the same amount.

The required return will fall for all stocks, but it will fall less for stocks with higher betas.

 

 

2 points

Question 12

1. Stock A has a beta of 0.8, Stock B has a beta of 1.0, and Stock C has a beta of 1.2. Portfolio P has equal amounts invested in each of the three stocks. Each of the stocks has a standard deviation of 25%. The returns on the three stocks are independent of one another (i.e., the correlation coefficients all equal zero). Assume that there is an increase in the market risk premium, but the risk-free rate remains unchanged. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

The required return of all stocks will remain unchanged since there was no change in their betas.

The required return on Stock A will increase by less than the increase in the market risk premium, while the required return on Stock C will increase by more than the increase in the market risk premium.

The required return on the average stock will remain unchanged, but the returns of riskier stocks (such as Stock C) will increase while the returns of safer stocks (such as Stock A) will decrease.

The required returns on all three stocks will increase by the amount of the increase in the market risk premium.

The required return on the average stock will remain unchanged, but the returns on riskier stocks (such as Stock C) will decrease while the returns on safer stocks (such as Stock A) will increase.

 

 

Question 13

1. Inflation, recession, and high interest rates are economic events that are best characterized as being

Answer

systematic risk factors that can be diversified away.

company-specific risk factors that can be diversified away.

among the factors that are responsible for market risk.

risks that are beyond the control of investors and thus should not be considered by security analysts or portfolio managers.

irrelevant except to governmental authorities like the Federal Reserve.

 

 

2 points

Question 14

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

If a company with a high beta merges with a low-beta company, the best estimate of the new merged company’s beta is 1.0.

Logically, it is easier to estimate the betas associated with capital budgeting projects than the betas associated with stocks, especially if the projects are closely associated with research and development activities.

The beta of an “average stock,” which is also “the market beta,” can change over time, sometimes drastically.

If a newly issued stock does not have a past history that can be used for calculating beta, then we should always estimate that its beta will turn out to be 1.0. This is especially true if the company finances with more debt than the average firm.

During a period when a company is undergoing a change such as increasing its use of leverage or taking on riskier projects, the calculated historical beta may be drastically different from the beta that will exist in the future.

 

 

2 points

Question 15

1. Which of the following is NOT a potential problem when estimating and using betas, i.e., which statement is FALSE?

Answer

The fact that a security or project may not have a past history that can be used as the basis for calculating beta.

Sometimes, during a period when the company is undergoing a change such as toward more leverage or riskier assets, the calculated beta will be drastically different from the “true” or “expected future” beta.

The beta of an “average stock,” or “the market,” can change over time, sometimes drastically.

Sometimes the past data used to calculate beta do not reflect the likely risk of the firm for the future because conditions have changed.

All of the statements above are true.

 

 

2 points

Question 16

1. If a stock’s dividend is expected

to grow at a constant rate of 5% a year, which of the following statements is CORRECT? The stock is in equilibrium.

Answer

The expected return on the stock is 5% a year.

The stock’s dividend yield is 5%.

The price of the stock is expected to decline in the future.

The stock’s required return must be equal to or less than 5%.

The stock’s price one year from now is expected to be 5% above the current price.

 

 

2 points

Question 17

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT, assuming stocks are in equilibrium?

Answer

The dividend yield on a constant growth stock must equal its expected total return minus its expected capital gains yield.

Assume that the required return on a given stock is 13%. If the stock’s dividend is growing at a constant rate of 5%, its expected dividend yield is 5% as well.

A stock’s dividend yield can never exceed its expected growth rate.

A required condition for one to use the constant growth model is that the stock’s expected growth rate exceeds its required rate of return.

Other things held constant, the higher a company’s beta coefficient, the lower its required rate of return.

 

 

Question 18

1. Stocks X and Y have the following data. Assuming the stock market is efficient and the stocks are in equilibrium, which of

the following statements is CORRECT?

X         Y

Price                                       $30      $30

Expected growth (constant)   6%      4%

Required return                      12%     10%

Answer

Stock X has a higher dividend yield than Stock Y.

Stock Y has a higher dividend yield than Stock X.

One year from now, Stock X’s price is expected to be higher than Stock Y’s price.

Stock X has the higher expected year-end dividend.

Stock Y has a higher capital gains yield.

 

 

2 points

Question 19

1. Companies can issue different classes of common stock. Which of the following statements concerning stock classes is CORRECT?

Answer

All common stocks fall into one of three classes: A, B, and C.

All common stocks, regardless of class, must have the same voting rights.

All firms have several classes of common stock.

All common stock, regardless of class, must pay the same dividend.

Some class or classes of common stock are entitled to more votes per share than other classes.

 

 

2 points

Question 20

1. The required returns of Stocks X and Y are rX = 10% and rY = 12%. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

If the market is in equilibrium, and if Stock Y has the lower expected dividend yield, then it must have the higher expected growth rate.

If Stock Y and Stock X have the same dividend yield, then Stock Y must have a lower expected capital gains yield than Stock X.

If Stock X and Stock Y have the same current dividend and the same expected dividend growth rate, then Stock Y must sell for a higher price.

The stocks must sell for the same price.

Stock Y must have a higher dividend yield than Stock X.

 

 

2 points

Question 21

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

The constant growth model is often appropriate for evaluating start-up companies that do not have a stable history of growth but are expected to reach stable growth within the next few years.

If a stock has a required rate of return rs = 12% and its dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 5%, this implies that the stock’s dividend yield is also 5%.

The stock valuation model, P0 = D1/(rs – g), can be used to value firms whose dividends are expected to decline at a constant rate, i.e., to grow at a negative rate.

The price of a stock is the present value of all expected future dividends, discounted at the dividend growth rate.

The constant growth model cannot be used for a zero growth stock, where the dividend is expected to remain constant over time.

 

 

2 points

Question 22

1. Stocks A and B have the following data. Assuming the stock market is efficient and the stocks are in equilibrium, which of the following statements is CORRECT?

A         B

Required return                      10%     12%

Market price                           $25      $40

Expected growth                   7%       9%

Answer

These two stocks should have the same price.

These two stocks must have the same dividend yield.

These two stocks should have the same expected return.

These two stocks must have the same expected capital gains yield.

These two stocks must have the same expected year-end dividend.

 

 

Question 23

1. The preemptive right is important to shareholders because it

Answer

allows managers to buy additional shares below the current market price.

will result in higher dividends per share.

is included in every corporate charter.

protects the current shareholders against a dilution of their ownership interests.

protects bondholders, and thus enables the firm to issue debt with a relatively low interest rate.

 

 

2 points

Question 24

1. Two constant growth stocks are in equilibrium, have the same price, and have the same required rate of return. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

The two stocks must have the same dividend per share.

If one stock has a higher dividend yield, it must also have a lower dividend growth rate.

If one stock has a higher dividend yield, it must also have a higher dividend growth rate.

The two stocks must have the same dividend growth rate.

 

The two stocks must have the same dividend yield.

 

 

2 points

Question 25

1. The expected return on Natter Corporation’s stock is 14%. The stock’s dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 8%, and it currently sells for $50 a share. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

The stock’s dividend yield is 7%.

The stock’s dividend yield is 8%.

The current dividend per share is $4.00.

The stock price is expected to be $54 a share one year from now.

The stock price is expected to be $57 a share one year from now.

 

 

2 points

Question 26

1. If in the opinion of a given investor a stock’s expected return exceeds its required return, this suggests that the investor thinks

Answer

the stock is experiencing supernormal growth.

the stock should be sold.

the stock is a good buy.

management is probably not trying to maximize the price per share.

dividends are not likely to be declared.

 

 

2 points

Question 27

1. Stocks A and B have the following data. Assuming the stock market is efficient and the stocks are in equilibrium, which of the following statements is CORRECT?

A         B

Price $                        25        $40

Expected growth        7%       9%

Expected return          10%     12%

Answer

The two stocks should have the same expected dividend.

The two stocks could not be in equilibrium with the numbers given in the question.

A’s expected dividend is $0.50.

B’s expected dividend is $0.75.

A’s expected dividend is $0.75 and B’s expected dividend is $1.20.

 

 

2 points

Question 28

1. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?

Answer

If a company has two classes of common stock, Class A and Class B, the stocks may pay different dividends, but under all state charters the two classes must have the same voting rights.

The preemptive right gives stockholders the right to approve or disapprove of a merger between their company and some other company.

The preemptive right is a provision in the corporate charter that gives common stockholders the right to purchase (on a pro rata basis) new issues of the firm’s common stock.

The stock valuation model, P0= D1/(rs – g), cannot be used for firms that have negative growth rates.

The stock valuation model, P0= D1/(rs – g), can be used only for firms whose growth rates exceed their required returns.

 

 

Question 29

1. For a stock to be in equilibrium, that is, for there to be no long-term pressure for its price to depart from its current level, then

Answer

the expected future return must be less than the most recent past realized return.

The past realized return must be equal to the expected return during the same period.

the required return must equal the realized return in all periods.

the expected return must be equal to both the required future return and the past realized return.

the expected future returns must be equal to the required return.

 

 

2 points

Question 30

1. If markets are in equilibrium, which of the following conditions will exist?

Answer

Each stock’s expected return should equal its realized return as seen by the marginal investor.

Each stock’s expected return should equal its required return as seen by the marginal investor.

All stocks should have the same expected return as seen by the marginal investor.

The expected and required returns on stocks and bonds should be equal.

 

All stocks should have the same realized return during the coming year.

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Discuss your options in the job      market based on your educational level.

The IOM published report, “Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health,” makes recommendations for lifelong learning and achieving higher levels of education.

In 1,000-1,250 words, examine the importance of nursing education and discuss your overall educational goals.

Include the following:

  1. Discuss your options in the job      market based on your educational level.
  2. Review the IOM Future of      Nursing Recommendations for achieving higher levels of education. Describe      what professional certification and advanced degrees (MSN, DNP, etc.) you      want to pursue and explain your reasons for wanting to attain the      education. Discuss your timeline for accomplishing these goals.
  3. Discuss how increasing your      level of education would affect how your competitiveness in the current      job market and your role in the future of nursing.
  4. Discuss the relationship of      continuing nursing education to competency, attitudes, knowledge, and the      ANA Scope and Standards for Practice and Code of Ethics.
  5. Discuss whether continuing      nursing education should be mandatory. Provide support for your response.

You are required to cite to a minimum of three sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and relevant to nursing practice.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

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Apply the theories, models, and practices of finance to the financial management of the firm.

Capital Structure

Activity Context

This discussion helps you develop the skills to master the following course competencies:

  • Apply the theories, models, and practices of finance to the financial management of the firm.
  • Integrate financial analyses into general business management planning and decision making.

Activity Instruction

Select two of the many capital structure concepts such as Modigliani and Miller, Pecking Order Theory, leverage, and so on, and explain what each is as well as how it differs from the other concept you selected. Then, step back and discuss why it is important for managers or leaders to optimize their capital structure.

Support your post as appropriate with the theories presented in this week’s required reading. (see attachment)

Resources

Discussion Participation Scoring Guide

  • attachment

    U5D1DiscussionParticipationScoringGuide.pdf
  • attachment

    Chapter14pt2.pdf
  • attachment

    chapter14pt1.pdf
  • attachment

    Chapter15.pdf
  • attachment

    U5D1ActivityContext.docx

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The next dividend payment by Hot Wings, Inc., will be $4.95 per share. The dividends are anticipated to maintain a 5 percent growth rate forever.

1.value:

10.00 points

Antiques R Us is a mature manufacturing firm. The company just paid a $15 dividend, but management expects to reduce the payout by 9 percent per year indefinitely.

 

Required :

If you require an 20 percent return on this stock, what will you pay for a share today?

 

  $46.60
  $47.54
  $51.72
  $124.09
  $47.07

 

2.value:

10.00 points

Red, Inc., Yellow Corp., and Blue Company each will pay a dividend of $2.30 next year. The growth rate in dividends for all three companies is 5 percent. The required return for each company’s stock is 8.10 percent, 11.90 percent, and 15.10 percent, respectively.

 

(a)               What is the stock price for Red. Inc., Company?

(b)              What is the stock price for Yellow Corp. Company?

(c)               What is the stock price for Blue Company?

 

 

3.value:

10.00 points

Marcel Co. is growing quickly. Dividends are expected to grow at a 20 percent rate for the next 3 years, with the growth rate falling off to a constant 5 percent thereafter.

 

Required:

If the required return is 12 percent and the company just paid a $3.40 dividend. what is the current share price? (Do not round your intermediate calculations.)

 

$74.46

$70.27

$75.94

$67.73

$72.97

 

4.value:

10.00 points

Far Side Corporation is expected to pay the following dividends over the next four years: $13, $11, $6, and $3. Afterward, the company pledges to maintain a constant 3 percent growth rate in dividends forever.

 

Required:

If the required return on the stock is 13 percent, what is the current share price? (Do not round your intermediate calculations.)

 

$42.82

$43.73

$52.89

$45.07

$46.42

 

5.value:

10.00 points

Teder Corporation stock currently sells for $115 per share. The market requires a 9 percent return on the firm’s stock.

 

Required :

If the company maintains a constant 5 percent growth rate in dividends, what was the most recent dividend per share paid on the stock?

 

$6.56

$4.21

$4.38

$4.60

$16.15

 

6.value:

10.00 points

Thirsty Cactus Corp. just paid a dividend of $1.50 per share. The dividends are expected to grow at 35 percent for the next 9 years and then level off to a 7 percent growth rate indefinitely.

 

Required :

If the required return is 14 percent, what is the price of the stock today?

 

$139.53

$142.32

$105.01

$136.74

$4.5

 

7.value:

10.00 points

Metallica Bearings, Inc., is a young start-up company. No dividends will be paid on the stock over the next 14 years because the firm needs to plow back its earnings to fuel growth. The company will pay a $6 per share dividend in 15 years and will increase the dividend by 3 percent per year thereafter.

 

Required:

If the required return on this stock is 8 percent, what is the current share price? (Do not round your intermediate calculations.)

 

$42.90

$42.08

$40.86

$37.83

$38.81

 

8.value:

10.00 points

Suppose you know a company’s stock currently sells for $60 per share and the required return on the stock is 10 percent. You also know that the total return on the stock is evenly divided between a capital gains yield and a dividend yield.

 

Required:

If it’s the company’s policy to always maintain a constant growth rate in its dividends, what is the current dividend per share?

 

$3.00

$3.05

$2.71

$2.86

$5.71

 

9.value:

10.00 points

Apocalyptica Corp. pays a constant $13 dividend on its stock. The company will maintain this dividend for the next 13 years and will then cease paying dividends forever.

 

Required:

If the required return on this stock is 8 percent, what is the current share price?

 

$100.69

$107.89

$102.75

$169.00

$110.97

 

10.value:

10.00 points

E-Eyes.com Bank just issued some new preferred stock. The issue will pay a $10 annual dividend in perpetuity, beginning 5 years from now.

 

Required :

If the market requires a 7 percent return on this investment, how much does a share of preferred stock cost today?

 

$142.86

$103.54

$101.86

$114.43

$108.99

 

11.value:

10.00 points

The next dividend payment by Hot Wings, Inc., will be $4.95 per share. The dividends are anticipated to maintain a 5 percent growth rate forever.

 

Required:

If the stock currently sells for $58 per share, what is the required return?

 

12.86%

8.53%

13.53%

13.26%

5.00%