Which of the following activities would not be an example of primary production?

1. Lower-class persons with mental illness
A. typically refuse treatment because they don’t trust authority figures.
B. are less likely to be sent to jail or prison in lieu of a clinic or hospital.
C. are hospitalized for longer periods of time than are higher-class persons.

D. receive more effective treatment than higher-class individuals.

2. The most important social factor affecting mortality is

A. location of residence.
B. race.
C. genetics.
D. standard of living.

3. Sects have _______ organization, whereas churches have _______ organization.

A. informal; bureaucratic
B. formal; bureaucratic
C. chaotic; rigid
D. formal; informal

1. Due to relocation of the U.S. population, new problems have emerged. These include all of the following except
A. higher mortality rates.
B. the urbanization of poverty.

C. shrinking central cities.
D. unhealthy levels of pollution.

2. Which of the following activities would not be an example of primary production?

A. Hunting
B. Teaching
C. Mining
D. Farming

3. Which of the following is no longer an important predictor of political participation?

A. Age
B. Education
C. Race
D. Social class

1. _______ comprise(s) computers and telecommunications tools for storing, using, and transmitting information.
A. Information technology
B. Autonomous data resources

C. Electronic dissemination
D. Electronic databases

2. If you embrace political process theory, you would also be likely to accept the idea that

A. existing organizations may provide both resources and reform-minded leaders.
B. any reform process requires stable, efficiently organized social institutions.
C. reform can occur only when enough people experience anger and resentment.
D. insurgent consciousness tends to lead from chaos to violence.

3. It’s estimated that the United States, which contains only 5 percent of the world’s population, consumes_________ percent of the world’s resources.

A. 12

B. 40
C. 6
D. 25

1. One survey of 1,000 major corporations found that
A. most maintained that electronic surveillance of their employees would be an invasion of privacy.

B. few practiced electronic surveillance of their employees.
C. about two-thirds practiced electronic surveillance of their employees.
D. about half practiced electronic surveillance of their employees.

2. Regarding political economy, which statement is most accurate?
A. In authoritarian states like China, socialism coexists with capitalism.
B. The likely future mix of socialism and capitalism in America will depend almost entirely on economic conditions.
C. In the United States socialism is universally rejected in favor of capitalism.
D. Among major American institutions, only public universities have resisted the tendency to organize their functions in the manner of private corporations.

3. Which statement best characterizes a fundamental criticism of relative deprivation theory?

A. Social movement activists may well be the least deprived people in a society.
B. Racist policies, job scarcity, and poverty nearly always spark social movements.
C. The most deprived people in a society tend to remain deprived year after year.
D. When some people are relatively better off than others civil unrest is a likely result.

1. Which of these scenarios most clearly illustrates the concept of emotional labor?
A. Because she must smile all day while working as a sales clerk, Gloria loses touch with her actual emotional feelings.
B. Alvin experiences depression because, in order to feed his family, he feels compelled to work in a chemical plant that produces toxic waste.
C. As computerization allows Ed’s manager more and more control over his work tasks, he feels more like machine part than a person.
D. Louise feels a loss of self-esteem as her nursing job demands more hours at less pay, thus

cutting back on quality time with her children.

2. In Sweden, people pay high taxes. The majority of Swedes

A. have voted to pay the taxes and receive the benefits.
B. have immigrated to other countries to avoid paying high taxes.
C. resent this.
D. endorse high taxes because they’re Communists.

3. Resource mobilization theory proposes that one of the sparks for turning perceived deprivation into a social movement is

A. widespread anger.

B. absolute deprivation.

C. seething resentment.

D. organization.