What does your choice of reference groups tell you about the concept of social comparison?

Required book to read: • Weiten, Wayne. (2012). Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st Century, 10th edition. Wadsworth/Cengage Publishers

WRITE A PARAGRAPH ON EACH QUESTION: Each Answer must be at least 100 words total for all parts combined. Anything less will lead to a reduction in points.


Answer every single question, each number must have at least 100 words.

1. Leon Festingers social comparison theory suggests that we compare ourselves to members of a reference group in order to assess our own behavior. (a) In thinking about your own tendencies to engage in social comparison, can you identify different reference groups that you use to assess distinct kinds of behavior (e.g., academic performance, athletic performance, etc.)? (b) What does your choice of reference groups tell you about the concept of social comparison?

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2. Some researchers suggest that elections are determined mainly by the publics impressions of the candidates rather than the candidates views on important issues. (a) Do you think this is the case? (b) If you do not believe this is the case, why not? If you believe this is the case, what are some possible explanations for this behavior on the part of voters?

3. Discuss (a) optimistic and pessimistic attributional styles, (b) identify which type you believe reflects the way you tend to approach situations and why you feel this type might represent your style; and (c) give a “personal” example of when you display(ed) this optimistic or pessimistic style (be specific in your example) .

4. Describe the importance of (a) attribution in social behavior and the dangers of the fundamental attribution error. And give a (b) personal example of the existence of attribution in your social behavior and/ or the danger of the fundamental attribution error (past or present) in your life.