# Theory of adaptation to chronic pain

Pick any Middle range nursing theory from the following:

– Theory of adaptation to chronic pain (Dunn, 2004)

– Acute pain Management (Good, 1998; Good& Moore, 1996)

-Theory of suffering (Morse,2001)

– Self-help (Braden, 1990)

– Self-Efficacy (Lenz& Shortridge-Baggett, 2002)

– Theory of caring (Swanson, 1991)

And Evaluate one Middle Range Nursing Theory (MRNT) using the criteria presented:

THEORY ELEMENT DISCUSSION

Part 1: Theory Description

What is the purpose of the theory?

(Describe, explain, predict or prescribe)

What are the origins of the theory?

What are the major concepts?

What are the major theoretical propositions?

What are the major assumptions?

Is the context for use described? If so how is the theory useful?

Part 2: Theory Analysis

Are the concepts theoretically defined? Explain.

Are the concepts operationally defined? Explain.

Are the statements theoretically defined? Explain.

Are the statements operationally defined? Explain.

Are linkages explicit? If so what are they?

THEORY ELEMENT DISCUSSION

Is the theory logically organized?

Is there a model or diagram? If so does it clarify the theory?

Are the concepts, statements, and assumptions used consistently? If not, give an example of inconsistency?

Are outcomes or consequences stated or predicted? If so given an example of an outome.

Part 3: Theory Evaluation

Is the theory congruent with current nursing standards?

Is the theory congruent with current nursing interventions or therapeutics?

Has the theory been tested empirically?

Is it supported by research?

Does it appear to be accurate/ valid?

Is there evidence that it has been used by nursing educators, researchers or administrators?

Is the theory socially relevant?

Is the theory relevant cross-culturally?

Does the theory contribute to the discipline of nursing? If so, how?

What are implications for nursing related to implementation of the theory?

3. From your own experience in nursing, give an example of how this MRNT could be used to help solve an actual problem THAT you have encountered.

A. Short description of the problem.

B. Short discussion of how the MRNT could be applied.

Give the complete citation for your selected example in correct A